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A tourist can remain in Panama for 90 days. This is normally not extendable but exceptions can be made for such valid reasons as visiting family members or for medical reasons. In these cases visitors must apply for a Short Term Visa (Check the related article about the Type of Visas).
There is no need to obtain departure permits to leave the country, provided that the visitor complies with the terms of the tourist status. If a tourist exceeds the time allowance without a legal extension or justification, a fine will be charged according to the exceeded time.
Panama has designated 47 Friendly Nations whose nationals do not need visas to enter the country and who, in addition, can be granted fast resident visas (see related article with link above)
These countries are: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, San Marino, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United States of Americas, Uruguay, United Kingdom (Great Britain & Northern Ireland).
Additional countries which do not need visas are: Angola, Armenia, Belarus, Botswana, Bhutan, Cape Verde, Cambodia, Comoros, Croatia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands, Kenya, Kiribati, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Namibia, Nauru, Palau, Papua, New Guinea, Samoa, Santo Tomé and Príncipe, Serbia, Seychelles, Tonga, Tuvalu, Ukraine, Vanuatu.
COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS CAN ENTER WITH A TOURIST CARD (OR STAMPED VISA)
The Americas: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Colombia, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Mexico, Nevis, San Cristobal, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS REQUIRE A STAMPED VISA
The Americas: Ecuador, Peru, Dominican Rep.
Africa: Cameroon, Ghana, Matawi, Mauricio, Central African Rep., Rep. of the Congo, Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Swaziland, Togo, Zimbawe
Europe: Bulgaria, Rumania, Russia
Citizens of all other nations need an authorized visa to enter the country.
Tourist Cards: Tourist cards cost $5.00 and can be purchased at air lines or travel agencies. All tourists must have valid passports, with the exceptions of citizens of the United States of America, who only need a proof of nationality to obtain a card.
Stamped Visas: Can be obtained at Panamanian consulates abroad.
Authorized Visas: Can be obtained at Panamanian consulates abroad with the authorization of the Immigration Bureau in Panama.